Edema is not related to gay random video chat. It is the medical term for swelling. Body parts swell from injury or inflammation. It may affect a small area or the whole body. Medications, pregnancy, infections, and many other medical problems can lead to edema.
Edema happens when your little blood vessels leak fluid into neighboring tissues. That excess fluid builds up, which makes the tissue swell. It can occur almost anywhere in the body.
Kinds of Edema
Peripheral edema This usually affects the legs, feet, and ankles, but it may also occur in the arms. It could be a sign of problems with your circulatory system, lymph nodes, or kidneys.
Pedal edema. This occurs when fluid gathers on your feet and lower legs. It is more common if you’re pregnant or older. It can make it harder to move around in part because you might not have as much feeling on your feet. This swelling in the legs and arms is most often caused by damage to your lymph nodes, tissues that help filter germs and waste from your body. The damage may be the result of cancer treatments like surgery and radiation. The cancer itself can also block lymph nodes and cause fluid buildup.
Pulmonary edema. When fluid collects in the air sacs in your lungs, you have pulmonary edema. That makes it hard for you to breathe, and it’s worse when you lie down. You might have a fast heartbeat, feel suffocated, and cough up a foamy spittle, sometimes with blood. If it happens unexpectedly, call 911.
Cerebral edema. This is a really serious condition where fluid accumulates in the brain. It can happen if you hit your head hard, if a blood vessel becomes blocked or bursts, or you have a tumor or allergic response. This happens when fluid builds up in a part of your eye called the macula, which is in the middle of the retina, the light-sensitive tissue in the back of the eye. It occurs when damaged blood vessels in the retina leak fluid into the area.
Things like a twisted ankle, a bee sting, or a skin infection will cause edema. Sometimes, like an infection, this might be helpful. More fluid from your blood vessels puts more infection-fighting white blood cells in the swollen area.
Edema may also come from other conditions or from when the balance of substances in your blood is away. For example: Your doctor may call this hypoalbuminemia. Albumin and other proteins in the blood act like sponges to keep fluid in your blood vessels. Low albumin may contribute to edema, but it is not typically the only cause.
Allergic reactions. Edema is a component of the majority of allergic reactions. In reaction to the allergen, nearby blood vessels leak fluid into the affected region. If drainage of fluid from a portion of your body is blocked, fluid can back up. A blood clot in the deep veins of the leg can lead to leg edema. A tumor blocking the flow of blood or another fluid called lymph can lead to edema.
Critical illness. Burns, life-threatening infections, or other significant illnesses can cause a reaction that allows fluid to flow into tissues nearly everywhere. This can cause edema all over your body.
Congestive heart failure . When the heart weakens and pumps blood less efficiently, fluid can gradually build up, creating leg edema. If fluid builds up quickly, you can get fluid in the lungs. If your heart failure is on the right side of your heart, edema can develop in the gut.
Liver disease. Severe liver disease, such as cirrhosis, makes you retain fluid. Cirrhosis also results in low levels of albumin and other proteins in your blood. Fluid flows into the abdomen and can also cause leg edema.
Kidney disease. A kidney condition called nephrotic syndrome can lead to severe leg edema and sometimes whole-body edema.
Pregnancy. But serious complications of pregnancy like deep vein thrombosis and preeclampsia may also cause edema.
Head trauma, low blood sodium (called hyponatremia), high altitudes, brain tumors, and a block in fluid drainage in the brain (known as hydrocephalus) can cause cerebral edema.
Symptoms of Edema
Your symptoms will depend on the amount of swelling you have and where you have it.
Edema in a small area from an infection or inflammation (like a mosquito bite) can cause no symptoms. On the other hand, a sizable allergic reaction (like from a bee sting) can lead to edema on your entire arm that may bring pain and limit your arm’s movement.
Food allergies and allergic reactions to medication may cause throat or tongue edema. This may be life-threatening if it interferes with your breathing.
Leg edema can make the legs feel heavy. This can affect walking. In edema and heart disease, as an instance, the legs can easily weigh an extra 5 or 10 lbs each. Severe leg edema can interfere with blood flow, leading to ulcers on the skin.
Pulmonary edema causes shortness of breath and sometimes low oxygen levels in the blood. Some individuals with pulmonary edema may have a cough.
There may be an indent or a”pit” that stays for a while after you push the skin in some types of edema. This is called pitting edema. If the tissue springs back to its normal shape, it is called non-pitting edema. It is a symptom which may help your doctor figure out the cause of your edema.
Treatment of Edema
To take care of edema, you often must treat its underlying cause. For instance, you might take allergy medications to treat swelling from allergies.
Edema from a block in fluid drainage can sometimes be treated by obtaining the drainage flowing again. A blood clot in the leg is treated with blood thinners. They break the clot down and get drainage back to normal. A tumor that blocks lymph or blood can occasionally be shrunk or eliminated with surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation.
Leg edema related to congestive heart failure or liver disease could be treated with a diuretic (sometimes called a”water pill”) such as furosemide (Lasix). When you can pee more, fluid in the legs can flow back into the blood. Limiting how much sodium you consume can also help.